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  • Lee University

    MON-FRI 8AM-5PM EST
    (423) 614-8125
    Behavioral and Social Sciences

  • Archaeology Research Center

    Curator/Administrator: Richard R. Jones
    Contact: rjones@leeuniversity.edu

    Mission

    The Archaeology Research Center (ARC) at Lee University provides archaeological research services on public and private lands in order to better understand and conserve humanity’s rich cultural heritage. Our work is largely volunteer work that involves students, in some way, at every level. As service to our community, service to our nation, and service to world cultural heritage, the mission of ARC is to highlight the service learning emphasis of the university mission statement. ARC also provides our undergraduate students opportunities to work at important archaeological sites in the United States and around the world. We also encourage high standards of ethical and moral behavior in our work and life, believing that Christian values should guide what we do, and how we do it.

    Projects

    The ARC at Lee is involved in a number of ongoing projects:

    1. Karak Resource Project (KRP): Since 1998, Lee University has been involved in the Karak Resources Project in Jordan. KRP is directed by Dr. Gerald Mattingly at Johnson University. KRP has been doing excavations at a Moabite site on the Karak Plateau in Jordan. In addition, regional studies in history, geology, anthropology, soil science, and other areas, have contributed to a holistic picture of life on the Karak plateau from ancient times to modern. For more info: http://vkrp.org/
    2. U.S.D.A. Forest Service (USFS): Since 2007, ARC has provided support for various projects with the Forest Service in the Cherokee National Forest. Forest Archaeologist Quentin Bass has allowed us to conduct archaeological field schools involving clearing and mapping cemeteries, and conducting surveys and excavations on important archaeological sites. Some of these sites are linked to the Cherokee removal period (1836-1839 AD) and are nationally important. Our relationship with the USFS is an ongoing one, which will continue to provide opportunities for our students to do important archaeological research.
    3. Bureau of Land Management, Colorado (BLM): Since 2009, ARC has been involved in survey and excavations in both eastern and western Colorado. In eastern Colorado, archaeological survey and excavation on a large, privately owned ranch—supervised by archaeologist Dr. Dudley Gardner of Western Wyoming Community College—documented significant prehistoric occupation on the land. That documentation prevented seizure of a significant part of the owner’s land by the federal government under eminent domain. In western Colorado, research on the development of prehistoric agriculture has been conducted in Paradox Valley and at Eagle Rock Shelter on the Gunnison River. This work has also been supervised by Dr. Dudley Gardner, who has been contracted by the Bureau of Land Management. Archaeologist Glade Hadden of the BLM oversees this work. In addition, some work has begun on a prehistoric rock art survey in western Colorado.
    4. Green Shadow Lake: Since 2010, ARC has conducted surveys on a large private farm. Evidence of prehistoric occupation has been found. Over the next several years, we hope to locate and assess all the sites on the property and document them for the landowners who are concerned about the management of any archaeological resources on their property.
    5. Fort Hill Cemetery: In 2013, the Fort Hill Cemetery Board gave us permission to conduct survey on older parts of the cemetery to answer some specific questions about the locations of burials. This project began in October of 2013 and is ongoing.
    6. Curating/Conservation Facility: As our archaeological projects have expanded, so has our requirement for space to properly store and conserve the many artifacts we have collected in field work. In addition to the Archaeology House (533 Trunk Street), where much of our field equipment is stored, and where the initial sorting and cleaning of artifacts takes place, we are developing a climate controlled storage facility for artifacts, a documents storage room, and a conservation lab for detailed cleaning and preservation of artifacts. These new facilities will be located in the Mayfield Annex.
    7. Other: ARC gets frequent questions from people in the community about artifacts and unusual features on their land. When we can, we make every effort to answer those questions. To cite a few instances, we have answered questions about pottery pulled from the Hiwassee River while fishing (turned out to be a fish effigy pot from the late Mississippian period around 1400 A.D.); questions about clay marbles found all over a landowners property (they turned out to be “baking beans” used to make pastry shells); and questions about private collections of artifacts (some turn out to be legitimate artifacts, others are just rocks). When possible we involve students in these investigations to get experience in doing what archaeologists do.